The same is said of Dante’s time, but these scientific “inaccuracies” have crept into our own vernacular.
When was the last time you watched a sunrise or sunset? Well, it doesn’t; the appearance of such a phenomona is due to earth’s rotation about its axis, but we still speak in terms of dawn coinciding with the break of a sunrise.
also, the planets are physical representations of metaphysical principles, and if the microcosm of man is linked to the planet of earth (among other things), then it makes sense to interpret the motion of the classical planets about this point. ultimately, we are the subjective centre of our own personal universe, so the model of interpretation is perfectly valid from a philosophical point of view.
also, for the sake of this kind of system, the sun and moon are considered planets, and they were categorised according to the speed with which they progressed throughout the night sky as viewed from earth. this also gives us the chaldean ordering of the planets, and the heptagram which, when traced point-to-point, gives julian order in its totality. when read circumferentially, it gives us the chaldean order of planets and their “weight” from heaviest to lightest:)
i stole this from somewhere online:
starting at saturn and working clockwise, we get the descending chaldean order of mass (and therefore the increasing speed of the planet as it revolves around earth (from our point of view, on earth).
tracing from saturn to the sun, then to the moon etc gives us the familiar Monday-Sunday week we’re familiar with. the discovery of this very elegant system is astonishing to my simple mind, and it shows how “hard science” is too objective for this kind of philosophical work. from a POV on earth, it can indeed be seen that the sun revolves around this planet, even though it’s just a subjective observation. as we all know, magic is entirely subjective, so interpretation and application within that subjectively interpreted framework is all that’s needed to work with the hermetic system.
i totally get where you’re coming from, but you’re trying to grasp the principles of modern scientific methodology, versus scientific empiricism, which was the vogue back then, and which serves us well (ie, that the sun “rises” and “sets” during any given day is an empirical observation, and it makes more sense to use that kind of terminology than to say “in two hours the rotation of the earth will position the elevation of the sun below the horizontal meridian”… or that “in forty minutes the sun will be visible as the earth rotates sufficiently so as to reveal its illumination at our longitude”. it just makes more sense (intuitively) to say “we’ve got two hours until sunset” or "the sun will rise in forty minutes.
i’ve never had any problem with the hermetic system or its ideas, and i’ve found that the more you dive into it, the more it makes sense, and the less the rational and logical mind feels the need to interfere with a perfectly functional system which needn’t be over-thought too much.
hope this helps in some way.
Kind regards, Tj.